NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS IN INDIA

The most prestigious award in the world is the NOBEL PRIZE. It’s an honor to not only the awarded person but hisher entire country. There are some reasons to make this prize is soo special, let’s see what they are.

What is the Nobel Prize & Why it can call so?

Before going to know about the Nobel prize we need to know about its inventor Alfred Nobel. He was born on 21st October 1833, Sweden. He is an Engineer, Chemist and also a businessman having 355 different patents on his name. Along with the Nobel Prize Dynamite is also his great invention. He was curious to be as a never forgettable person in the world and it leads to the invention of the Nobel Prize. He is one of the wealthiest people in the world at that time.

He is a 250 million dollar net worth person in the 19th century. With his strong desire to inventing the Nobel prize, he has spent 94% of his total assets on this Nobel prize.

DO YOU KNOW THIS?

  • The first Nobel prize distribution was on 10th December in 1901 on the 5th anniversary of Nobel’s death.
  • A total of 919 individuals and 24 organizations were taken the Nobel prize from 1901 to 2019. A person or organization can able to take more than once.
  • Nomination categories – physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Economic Sciences, Literature, and peace.
  • If a person is awarded a prize and dies before receiving it, the prize may still be presented.
  • This prize can able to share among three individuals but not more. However, the peace prize can able to share more than three individuals.
  • First Asian who got Nobel prize is our Indian “Rabindranath Tagore” in Literature.

Nobel Prize winners in India :

NAME: Rabindranath Tagore

LIFE SPAN: 1861-1941

AWARDED IN: 1913

CATEGORY: Literature

PRIZE SHARE: 1

LANGUAGES: Bengali and English

AWARDED FOR: Geetanjali

He was the first Asian and also an Indian who got this honor. His writing is deeply rooted in the form of Drama, Poems, Artwork, Stories, Philosophy, etc.

Name: C.V.RAMAN

Life span: 1888-1970

Awarded In: 1930

Category: Physics

Prize share: 1

Awarded for: Raman Effect

Prize motivation: For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him called ‘Raman Effect’. When light meets particles that are smaller than the light’s wavelength, the light spreads in different directions.

Name: HARGOBIND KHORANA

Life span: 1922-2011

Awarded in: 1968

Category: Physiology

Prize share: 1/3

Awarded for: Work on Electron Diffraction

Prize motivation: For his interpretation of genetic code and its functions in protein synthesis.

His contribution by building different RNA chains with the help of enzymes.

Name: MOTHER TERESA

Life span: 1910-1997

Awarded in: 1979

Category: Peace

Prize share: 1

Awarded for: Social service

Prize motivation: At the age of twelve, a Catholic Albanian girl Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu heard a call. God demanded that she devote her life to him. After she came to India her new name was Teresa. She heard a second call from God to help the poor.

Name: SUBRAMANYAM CHANDRASEKHAR

Life span: 1910-1995

Awarded in: 1983

Category: Physics

Prize share: 1/2

Awarded for: Theory of “White Dwarf”

Prize motivation: His theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of stars.

He showed that when the Hydrogen fuel of stars of a certain size begins to run out, it collapses into a compact, brilliant star known as a ‘White Dwarf’.

Name: AMARTYA SEN

Born: 3rd November 1933

Awarded in: 1998

Category: Economics

Prize share: 1

Awarded for: His contributions to the welfare Economics. Studies on social choice, welfare measurement, and poverty

Name: VENKAT RAMAN RAMAKRISHNAN

Born: 1952

Awarded in: 2009

Category: Chemistry

Prize share: 1/3

Awarded for: Ribosome

Prize motivation: For the structure and function of the Ribosome.

Ramakrishnan and other researchers were able to collaborate to map the structure of the Ribosome, made up of hundreds of thousands of atoms. This helps in the production of antibiotics.

Name: KAILASH SATYARTHI

Born: 11th January 1954

Awarded in: 2014

Category: Peace

Prize share: 1/2

Awarded for: Children’s Rights Activist

Prize motivation: He was born in Madhya Pradesh in India. After completing the Electrical Engineering degree, he worked as a teacher in the area. In 1980, he left teaching and founded the organization to help the Children.

Name: ABHIJIT BANERJEE

Born: 21st February 1961

Awarded in: 2019

Category: Economics

Prize share: 1/3

Awarded for: Welfare in Economics

Prize motivation: For his experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.

Hope his efforts can help the poor in a great way. He is the last person till now who received the Nobel Prize in India.

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Author: Aswarth

Former Blogger, Passionate & Informative about Science & Technology.